Newborn Banging Head Against Chest

Newborn Banging Head Against Chest: 5 Reasons & What you can Do

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It is no surprise that babies are full of quirky behaviors. As a new parent when you see your newborn banging head against chest aggressively, it may worry you. Let’s find out the reasons for this strange behavior and what you can do about it.  

Things that newborns do sometimes are very funny, weird or worrisome. When you see their face while they are asleep, they look like little angle but they make you pull your hair when you are trying to make a baby fall asleep. Sometimes, their act is plain worrisome like newborn drinking milk too fast or not waking up for the feeding at night. Their strange behaviors may sometimes keep you awake at night. Most of the things that they do usually is attributed to their preference, but most of the time, there are reasons for it.

Newborn Banging Head Against Chest - baby buries face onto mom shoulder

Newborn’s strange behaviors like, rubbing face aggressively, banging head against your chest, head swinging and burrowing or buries and rub face either in the pillow or against your chest, can sometimes make you wonder, what the hell she is trying to tell you?

A newborn banging head against chest aggressively is bothersome for new parents, because to them, it is not normal behavior. But, often, this behavior is benign (1).

Here are several reasons why your newborn banging head against the chest and what you can do about it.

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Why does Newborn Banging Head against Chest Happen?

It is exactly unknown why newborns bang their heads against the chest or any other rhythmic head and neck movements. There is limited research evidence about these behaviors, but there are some theories for why newborn banging head against chest or baby grinds her face into shoulder happens (2).

Newborn Banging Head a sign of Hunger

The most probable reason for newborn banging head against your chest is the rooting reflex that they have at an early age. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), this rooting reflex helps her find the nipple when they are hungry.

Newborn reflexes are involuntary movements or actions. Some reflexes are spontaneous, while others are reactions to certain actions. These reflexes usually are momentary and go away as they get older.

Headbanging, head swinging, face griding on your chest are all forms of rooting reflex, and usually newborn exhibit this behavior then they are trying to find a nipple.

The newborn can not tell you when they are hungry, so they use non-verbal signs to let you know that they need to eat.

These behaviors are typical signs of hunger and when your newborn exhibit these signs try to feed her.

Sometimes, if hunger is not the case then they are just uncomfortable and can not self soothe. In this case, you may want to swing them or give them a pacifier or other comfort measures.

Related Reading : Breastfeeding in the First few Days

Newborn Banging head a sign of Self Soothing

While your newborn’s behavior does not look relaxing to you, but they may do it to self soothe.

You may have noticed that babies do rock their head side to side to self soothe and headbanging does not look different than this.

When your baby is sleeping on his back, they swing their head side to side but when you are holding your baby on your chest, they would bang their head into your chest while trying to falling asleep.

This behavior has nothing to do with rooting reflex but it’s a way of self-soothing for your newborn.

Newborn Banging Head a sign of Tiredness

For some babies, offering them a nipple does not soothe them. Another possible reason why your newborn banging or rubbing head against your chest is to give you a signal that they are tired and ready to sleep.

Just like older babies or adults, newborns also rub their eyes or ears when they are tired. And when you are holding them against your chest, they might give you a signal that they need to sleep by banging or rubbing their head against your chest.

So, before headbanging or face rubbing against your chest escalate, recognize the early sign of tiredness and start your nightly rituals or take them for a nap.  

Related Reading : Healthy Foundation of Newborn Sleep

Newborn Banging Head a sign of Snot in the Nose

Yes, it is a possibility. Newborn with nasal congestion may bang their head or rub their face against your chest to remove snot from their nose.

While there is no scientific evidence to support this, but I have seen my newborn banging head against chest aggressively whenever he had a stuffy nose.

It makes sense that when they have a stuffy nose, their nose is itchy, and they are uncomfortable so they try to self soothe by rubbing their face against your chest in an attempt to clear their nose.

Newborn Banging Head as a sign of Reflux

Sometimes during the episodes of fussiness, the newborn refuses to nurse or go to sleep. And you have to swing them or walk around the house to soothe them. If you have ruled out that hunger or tiredness are not the reasons for your newborn banging head against chest, you may want to look for a sign of reflux in your newborn.

According to research studies, these abnormal and dystonic movements of the head, neck, and upper torso is associated with a form of gastroesophageal reflux disease (known as Sandifer’s Syndrome) in newborns or babies (3,4).

If you find your newborn repeatedly rotating their neck and tilting head toward the left shoulder, then there is a chance that they may have reflux. Also, you will observe these movements during or just after the feeding.

The symptoms of reflux include – spitting up, not want to eat much, pulling a face when burping, and crying after burping.

The Studies also suggest that abnormal head and neck movements are thought to be a response to the pain associated with reflux in newborn (5).

Not all newborns with reflux disease present abnormal head movement, but those who bang their head or buries their face against your chest, are doing it as an attempt to reduce reflux.

The research studies also support the notion that these head movements are learned behaviors and they do it because they may have found temporary relief from their discomfort and continue practicing the same movement over and over again (4).

Food allergies may also lead to this type of abnormal head and neck movement according to a research study published in 2000. This study reported on 15 days old, breastfed baby affected by reflux. They noticed the disappearance of this abnormal head movement when the mother stopped feeding the baby a cow’ milk protein diet (3).   

In another research study, the reintroduction of cow’s milk protein in a baby’s diet causes the relapse of abnormal head movement (6).

These studies may indicate that reflux is the culprit for this abnormal head movement in the newborn if hunger and general discomfort are ruled out already.

Head over to this post to learn more about reflux in babies and natural remedies to help your baby.

In addition to reflux, newborns with eczema or thrush may also exhibit a similar type of abnormal head and neck movement. Check for all the possibilities.

What you Can do?

As a parent of a newborn baby, it is sometimes hard to know what a baby wants. And it takes a long time to decode their non-verbal language to something meaningful.

When you first find out about your newborn’s strange behavior, you want to keep an eye on the same behavior over the next couple of days. You want to look for when they are doing it and what triggers it, in this case, Newborn banging head against chest.

Finding out the reason for their abnormal head movement will give you an idea of an action that you are going to take to ease their discomfort.

When you find out the reason, you want to act accordingly before the headbanging escalates to full-blown crying.

  • If they are hungry, don’t wait till they show signs of fussiness to offer your nipple.
  • If they are tired, soothe them to sleep when they are drowsy.
  • If your newborn sounds congested, try to comfort them by clearing their nose with Nose Frida or use saline nasal drops.
  • If your baby is hard to soothe by any above method, you may need to rule out the possibility of reflux in your newborn. Look for other symptoms that are associated with reflux like, spitting up and hard time burping after a feed. You can help your baby by feeding your baby in an upright position, keep your baby in an upright position after each feed, burp them in-between and after feeding. If all these soothing techniques do not help their reflux, you need to talk to your pediatrician. They may prescribe medication to ease reflux in your newborn or rule out any food allergies that may have triggered this abnormal head movement.

Conclusion

Here you go, mamas! You have all the possible reasons why your newborn banging head against chest. I hope it helps you to rule out why your baby banging head against your chest and enable you to take any action before it escalates into inconsolable cries.

Often, headbanging or other abnormal head movements in newborns is a sign of hunger or tiredness. But, if you think it is getting out of control, it is best to contact your health care provider to rule out the possibilities.

Do you know any reason for newborn banging head against chest? Leave your comment below.

References

  1. American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (2014). The International Classification of Sleep Disorders – Third Edition (ICSD-3). Darien, IL.https://aasm.org/
  2. Gwyther, A., Walters, A. S., & Hill, C. M. (2017). Rhythmic movement disorder in childhood: An integrative review. Sleep medicine reviews, 35, 62–75.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2016.08.003
  3. Corrado G, Cavaliere M, D’Eufemia P, Pelliccia A, Celli M, Porcelli M, Giardini O, Cardi E. Sandifer’s syndrome in a breast-fed infant. Am J Perinatol. 2000;17(3):147-50. doi: 10.1055/s-2000-9285. PMID: 11012139.
  4. KINSBOURNE M. HIATUS HERNIA WITH CONTORTIONS OF THE NECK. Lancet. 1964 May 16;1(7342):1058-61. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(64)91264-4. PMID: 14132602.
  5. Werlin SL, D’Souza BJ, Hogan WJ, Dodds WJ, Arndorfer RC. Sandifer syndrome: an unappreciated clinical entity. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1980 Jun;22(3):374-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.1980.tb03719.x. PMID: 7390034.
  6. Vandenplas Y, Gottrand F, Veereman-Wauters G, De Greef E, Devreker T, Hauser B, Benninga M, Heymans HS. Gastrointestinal manifestations of cow’s milk protein allergy and gastrointestinal motility. Acta Paediatr. 2012 Nov;101(11):1105-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2012.02808.x. Epub 2012 Aug 29. PMID: 22882286.

Image : Photo by Hollie Santos on Unsplash


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